Acne scars are a very common concern among many people.
What are acne scars?
Acne scars are irregularities in the texture of the skin secondary to acne. They are usually what is called atrophic scars. This means that there is an indentation in the skin where the scar is. This is in contrast to hypertrophic scars which are elevated from the skin. Sometimes after a pimple or blemish goes away, a dark spot is left on the skin. These are not actually acne scars, there are discolorations called PIH (post inflammatory hyperpigmentation). This is darkening of the skin that occurs after any type of inflammation. The inflammation can be due to acne, sun exposure, cuts, burns, laser treatments, of many other things. Unlike acne scars (which are textural changes in the skin) PIH is treated with products like the Brightening Cream, Exfoliating Serum, and Triple Antioxidant Serum and treatments such as the Forever Young BBL IPL photofacial treatment and the Soft and Smooth Rejuvenation treatment.
What causes acne scars?
True acne scars are caused by picking at or popping pimples. This leads to release of the pus into the skin causing an inflammatory response which damages the collagen. Collagen is the protein in the skin that keeps the skin smooth and tight. When the collagen is damaged acne scars form.
How are acne scars treated?
In order to treat acne scars we need to create new, fresh, and healthy collagen. Products that contain retin-A such as the Brightening Cream, the SkinMedica TNS Essential Serum, and the Alastin Skin Nectar stimulate the skin to form such collagen. These are outstanding products that are recommended before and after treatments. While light chemical peels and laser skin tightening treatments can improve acne scars, usually deeper treatments are required. These are usually fractional laser treatments such as the Pro Fractional Therapy. The Pro Fractional Therapy creates microscopic holes in the skin, stimulating the skin to form healthy collagen, leading to a smooth skin surface. Recovery after the treatment consists on redness for up to ten days and multiple treatments are required. Dr. Alex recommends a series of at least five treatments every four to eight weeks. It takes time to see the improvement because it creates new collagen and collagen does not form overnight. The full results are seen six to twelve months after the final treatment.